What are they?
| Phases | Benefits
| Risks | Questions
to Ask | Finding Clinical
Risks Involved in Clinical Trials
Great efforts are made to ensure safety for patients participating in
clinical trials. Still, risks remain. These risks are greater in Phase
I and II studies than in Phase III or IV studies. Discuss possible risks
with your doctor. Before you enter a trial, your healthcare provider will
talk with you in detail about the risks and benefits of the treatment.
a substance containing no medication that
is precribed or given to reinforce a patient's expectation of getting
Some patients are concerned that they will be guinea pigs
for medical science if they participate in a clinical trial. In Phase
III cancer clinical trials, the new treatment being tested is compared
with the standard treatment. This means that in most cases a patient will
be receiving at least standard treatment for their cancer. If a placebo
is used in a trial you will be informed verbally and in writing about
your chance of receiving the placebo.
Not all treatments work for all people. Clinical trials offer patients
one more treatment option. They represent an opportunity to receive up-to-date
treatment and contribute to medical science and humanity at the same time.
The good that can come from a clinical trial generally outweighs the risks.
a form that advises patients about all potential
risks and benefits of any treatment they are to receive; a standard
procedure in all hospitals and clinics
If you decide to join a clinical trial, you will be asked to sign an
informed consent form. This document is
required by all institutions. When you sign the informed consent, you
are stating that you have discussed the clinical trial with your doctor
or nurse, that you have been told about the possible risks and benefits,
and that you are participating in the trial because you want and choose
to do so of your own free will.